Constitution & Civics

Monterey County Office of Education

Leadership, Support and Service to Prepare All Students for Success

Dr. Deneen Guss, County Superintendent of Schools

Constitution & Civics

MCOE Civic Education Logo

Monterey County Civic Learning Opportunities website

“Students who engage in inquiry- and project-based learning, including civic learning experiences, have opportunities to read and hear content texts within real-world contexts that enhance students’ engagement by piquing their interests and connecting with their own lives” (ELA/ELD Framework, California Department of Education, 2015, p. 88).

Civic learning opportunities are part of the History-Social Science Framework for California K-12 Public Schools, which addresses the History-Social Science Content Standards, Common Core State Standards for English Language Arts and Literacy in History–Social Studies, Science, and Technical Subjects, the California English Language Development Standards, the English Language Arts/English Language Development Framework (ELA/ELD Framework), and the College, Career, and Civic Life (C3) Framework for Social Studies State Standards (also see the Civic Learning Compendium).

The Monterey County Board of Education adopted the Support for Civic Learning: College, Career, and Civic Life Resolution on December 14, 2016 and encourages resources dedicated to civic learning opportunities with goals to achieve equity, diversity, and inclusion; to demonstrate and promote active citizenship, and to teach students civic skills needed for the 21st century workplace.

The C3 Framework Inquiry Arc Dimensions are:

  1. Developing Questions and Planning Inquiries.

  2. Applying Disciplinary Concepts and Tools.

  3. Evaluating Sources and Using Evidence.

  4. Communicating Conclusions and Taking Informed Action.

The Six Proven Practices in Civic Learning are:

  1. Classroom instruction in government, history, geography, law, democracy and economics.

  2. Discussion of current events and controversial issues, including their relevance to young people’s lives.

  3. Service learning experiences that are directly linked to curriculum and instruction.

  4. Extracurricular activities that give students opportunities to get involved in their schools, communities and local government and to work together.

  5. Student participation in school governance.

  6. Simulations of democratic processes, such as formal debates, voting, mock trials, Model United Nations and simulations of legislative deliberation (California Task Force on K-12 Civic Learning; Campaign for the Civic Mission of Schools).

“Civic learning is a powerful tool for meeting several of the Local Control and Accountability Plan (LCAP) priority areas" (California Task Force on K-12 Civic Learning). Learn more:


Dora Salazar

Director, K-12 Language & Literacy
Phone: 831.755.6439

Jennifer Elemen, Ed.D.

Ed. Admin., History-Social Science
Phone: 831.784.4154

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